Strength, reliability and economy are the desired characteristics for application in automobile industry. Forged components possess these characteristics, thus making forged parts suitable for application in automobile industry. Forged components possess good shock absorbing capacity and therefore are found at points of shock and stress such as axle beams, wheel spindles, shafts, kingpin, torsion bars, ball studs, pitman arms, idler arms, and steering arms.
For aerospace application, high strength-to-weight ratio and structural reliability are the most significant properties required. Performance, range, and payload capabilities of aircraft highly depend on these properties. Commercial jets, helicopters, piston-engine planes, military aircraft and spacecraft widely use forgings. Forgings component are used as and in bulkheads, wing roots and spars, engine mounts, hinges, brackets, shafts, beams, landing gear cylinders and struts, wheels, brake carriers and arresting hooks. In jet turbine engines, super alloys (iron-base nickel-base and cobalt-base) are forged into components such as buckets, discs, blades, couplings, rings, manifolds, chambers and shafts.